# Annual Percentage Yield (APY) - definition & overview

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## What is Annual Percentage Yield (APY)?

Annual Percentage Yield (APY) represents the actual interest rate earned on a savings, checking, or investment account over one year.

It is a metric used in Australia to measure the actual annual rate of return earned on a savings account or investment, taking into account the effect of compound interest. It represents the total amount of interest earned over one year, expressed as a percentage of the initial investment.

## Key points about APY in Australia

• APY is always higher than the stated interest rate due to compounding.
• More frequent compounding (e.g., daily vs. monthly) results in a higher APY.
• APY is used to compare returns across different savings accounts and investments.
• The formula for calculating APY is: APY = (1 + r/n)^n - 1, where r is the annual interest rate and n is the number of compounding periods per year.
• APY is disclosed by Australian banks and financial institutions for savings accounts, term deposits, and other interest-bearing products.
• APY rates in Australia can be either fixed or variable, depending on the specific account or investment.

In contrast, APR (Annual Percentage Rate) is used for loans and credit cards in Australia and represents the annual cost of borrowing money. APY focuses on the interest earned on savings, while APR focuses on the interest paid on loans.

## What are the typical APY ranges for high-interest savings accounts

The typical APY ranges for high-yield savings accounts in Australia can vary, but generally fall within the following ranges:

• Base APY: Most high-yield savings accounts offer a base APY, which is the standard rate paid on balances up to a certain threshold. Base APYs typically range from 0.10% to 1.00%.
• Bonus or Promotional APY: Some accounts offer a higher bonus or promotional APY for a limited time, usually for the first few months after opening the account. These promotional rates can range from 1.00% to 2.00% above the base rate.
• Conditional APY: Certain high-yield accounts require meeting specific conditions, such as making a minimum number of transactions or maintaining a minimum balance, to earn a higher conditional APY. These rates usually fall between 1.50% and 2.50%.
• Tiered APY: Some banks offer tiered APYs, where the rate increases as the account balance grows. For example, an account might pay 1.00% on balances up to \$50,000 and 1.50% on balances above \$50,000.
• Introductory APY: A few banks offer an introductory APY that is significantly higher than their standard rates for the first few months. These introductory rates can range from 2.00% to 3.00% but typically revert to a lower base rate after the promotional period ends.

It's important to note that APYs can change frequently based on market conditions and the Reserve Bank of Australia's monetary policy decisions. Always check the current rates and any applicable conditions before opening a high-yield savings account.