Small Business Glossary

Asset and liability register - definition & overview


An asset and liability register is essentially a detailed record of everything your business owns (assets) and owes (liabilities). It acts like a financial snapshot at a specific point in time.

Here's a breakdown of benefits of an asset and liability register for small businesses in Australia:

Benefits of an asset and liability register:

  • Improved Organisation: It keeps track of all your financial holdings in one place, making financial record keeping and reporting easier.
  • Informed Decisions: By clearly seeing your net worth (assets - liabilities), you can make better choices about investments, loans or managing cash flow.
  • Risk Management: Identifying your liabilities helps you understand your financial obligations and manage debt effectively.
  • Planning and Growth: You can use the register to plan for future expenses and track the growth of your assets over time.

What does an  asset and liability register typically include?

  • Detailed descriptions: Each asset and liability should be clearly described for easy identification.
  • Values: The current value of each asset and liability should be listed.
  • Acquisition/due dates: For assets, the date you acquired them. For liabilities, the due date for repayment.
  • Location (optional): Particularly relevant for assets like equipment or property.

It's important to note:

  • There's no one-size-fits-all format. You can tailor it to your business needs.
  • It should be a "live" document, regularly updated to reflect changes.
  • Many accounting software programs offer asset and liability register functionalities.

While not mandatory, an asset and liability register is a valuable tool for any Australian small business owner. It promotes financial awareness and helps you make informed decisions for a secure financial future.

Understanding the difference between assets and liabilities is crucial for any small business owner. It gives you a clear picture of your financial health and helps you make informed decisions.

What's the difference between assets and liabilities?


  • What they are: Assets are things of value your business owns. They can be used to generate future income or benefit the business.
  • Examples:
    • Cash in the bank
    • Inventory (products you sell)
    • Equipment (computers, machinery)
    • Vehicles
    • Furniture
    • Accounts receivable (money owed by customers)


  • What they are: Liabilities are financial obligations your business owes. They represent money you need to pay back in the future.
  • Examples:
    • Accounts payable (money owed to suppliers)
    • Loans
    • Taxes payable
    • Credit card debts
    • Outstanding salaries

Why it matters:

  • Financial health: Knowing your assets and liabilities helps you calculate your net worth (assets minus liabilities). A positive net worth indicates financial strength.
  • Decision making: It helps you make informed decisions about borrowing money, investing in your business, and managing your cash flow.
  • Tax purposes: You can claim depreciation (gradual decrease in value) on some assets for tax deductions.

Keeping Track of assets and liabilities:

  • Bookkeeping: It's essential to maintain good bookkeeping records to track your assets and liabilities. This can be done in the Thriday Asset and Liability Register, with other accounting software or with the help of a bookkeeper.
  • Regular reviews: Regularly review your financial statements to monitor your asset and liability positions.

Additional Tips:

  • Maintain a healthy balance: Aim to have more assets than liabilities. This indicates a strong financial position.
  • Manage debt wisely: Borrowing can be helpful for growth, but avoid excessive debt that can strain your finances.
  • Seek professional help: If you're unsure about managing your finances, consider let us know, we have registered tax agents who can help.

Why waste time on financial admin when Thriday can do it for you?

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